Cline, K. M. C., Taylor, E., Bain, C. M., Pluff, A. I., Petrusa, J., Atkinson, J., & Tarizzo, M. T.

Krista Marie-Clark Cline, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor of Sociology and Criminology and NFHS Project Co-Director at Butler University.  She holds a Bachelor of Science in Psychology, a Master of Arts in Sociology and Criminology, and a dual-title Ph.D. from Purdue University in Sociology and Gerontology. Dr. Cline’s research interests include the roles of women and mothers, health and body weight issues, aging, and service learning in the college classroom. She teaches a variety of courses including; research methods, families, international crime, gender, race, and crime, health and society, aging and the life course, and gender and society.  Dr. Cline is the Podcast Host of the MOMentwithMOM Podcast. 

Eileen Taylor, EdD, MALS, MBA is a Lecturer of Communication and the NFHS Project Director at Butler University.  She also has over 27 years of experience in business administration that includes both human resources and financial management. Her research and areas of expertise in organizational leadership communication with a focus on change and diversity of perspectives is complemented with a Bachelor of Science in Management, Master of Business Administration, Master of Advanced Leadership Studies, and Doctor of Education in Organizational Leadership.  Dr. Taylor believes the essence of leadership is communication. She teaches organizational leadership communication, financial management, introduction to human resources management, principles of marketing, communication ethics, speech for business, and public speaking at the college level.  Dr. Taylor is the Executive Director of the MOMwentwithMOM Podcast.

Catherine Bain, B.A., M.S. is a third-year doctoral student in Quantitative Psychology. She graduated with a Master of Science in Psychology in May of 2022. Her research focuses on various approaches to model selection or variable selection problems. Her Master’s thesis focused on a large-scale comparison of supervised machine learning variable selection methods for classification. This project has possible applications to shorten diagnostic sets while minimizing misclassification. Catherine is now working as a Graduate Research Assistant working in the Center on Child Abuse and Neglect at the Oklahoma University Health Sciences Center working to evaluate the performance of interventions to prevent child abuse and neglect in high-risk families in Oklahoma. She has also examined the development of better methods for teaching evaluations. Outside of the field of psychology, she has also worked with institutions like the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) assessing more sociological concepts like role strain, role enhancement, and racial and gender biases.

Abigail Pluff, B.A. is an MSW student at Indiana University. She received her Bachelor of Arts from Butler University in Psychology and Criminology. She currently works in the field of mental health and addiction and plan to continue this work upon graduation from graduate school.

Josh Petrusa, B.A., M.L.S is the Interim Director at Butler University Libraries, holds an MLIS from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and a BA from DePaul University.

Joel Atkinson, B.A., M.L.S. is the Information Commons Librarian at Butler University. He holds a Bachelor of Arts from Grace College and an MLS from IUPUI.

Matthew Tarizzo, B.A. earned his degree in Sociology in 2020.


The purpose of this study is to examine the link between role strain, role enhancement and depressive symptoms in mothers of high school athletes. Role strain and role enhancement theories were used in order to study the relationship. Ordinary least squares regression was used to examine a sample of 367 mothers of high school athletes in a midwestern state. Findings revealed that mothers who reported higher levels of role enhancement did report lower levels of depressive symptoms. Mothers with more children had higher rates of depressive symptoms. Additionally, marital status and employment status may moderate the relationship between role strain, role enhancement and depressive symptoms. The current research is a pilot study in which mothers of high school athletes are examined as a unique sample given their additional responsibilities. 


role strain, role enhancement, mother, student-athlete

Psychological Effects of Mothers of High School Student-Athletes: Predicting Depressive Symptoms

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